FAST FACTS:Cotabato Province

Capital: Kidapawan City

Land Area: 656,590 sqkm

Population: 1,224,600 (2011)

No. of Municipalities: 17

No. of Cities: 1 (Kidapawan City)

No. of Brgys: 543


The Province of North Cotabato lies on the eastern part of Region XII and is strategically located in the central part of Mindanao. It is bounded on the north by the provinces of Lanao del Sur and Bukidnon, on the east by Davao City, on the southeast by Davao Del Sur, on the west by Maguindanao Province and on the southwest by Sultan Kudarat Province.

Political Subdivision: 2 Congressional districts; 1 component city; 17 municipalities; 543 barangays

Dialect/Language: English, Tagalog, Visayan, Ilonggo, Ilocano, Muslim and Manobo

Climate: The plains of Cotabato lie between long mountain ranges which are source of cool breezes - just right for your holidays.

Brief History:

The province of Cotabato derived its name from the Maguindanaon term "Kutawato" meaning stone fort.

The early inhabitants of the place were the Manobos, Bagobos and Muslims believed to be descendants of the Indonesian migrants. Their similarities in physical structure and language indicate close racial affinity to their Asian counterparts

The arrival of the Spaniards in 1696 was part of the campaign to subdue the Muslim forces. Capt. Rodriguez de Figueroa led the Spaniards and successfully defeated the Muslims. Fort Pikit was built. The fort still stands today as a reminder of the Spanish colonial rule in the province.

Christianity was then intoruced during the period with the first Christian settlers coming in from Cebu Province who wre then called "colono". The settlers from Luzon and other parts of the Visayas came later.

On July 15, 1903, Commonwealth Act. No. 787 created the Moro Province comprising all political subdivisions of Mindanao and Sulu, excluding the two Misamis Provinces and Surigao. Eleven years later on July 23, 1914, Philippine Commission Act No. 2408, established a temporary government for the Department of Mindanao and Sulu which took effect on September 1, 1914. Cotabato was then the biggest province in the country or popularly known as the Empire Province.

On November 22, 1973, North Cotabato was created by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 341. Its name was subsequently changed to Cotabato as provided by Batas Pambansa Bilang 660 which was approved on December 19, 1993.


TOPOGRAPHY The Province of (North) Cotabato lies on the eastern part of Region XII and is strategically located in the central part of Mindanao. It is bounded on the North by the Province of Bukidnon, on the northwest by Lanao del Sur, on the East by Davao City, on the Southeast by Davao del Sur, on the West by Maguindanao Province and on the southwest by Sultan Kudarat Province. Mountains to the east peak at Mount Apo, a volcanic cone that is the highest mountain in the Philippines. In the west, the Piapungan Range separates it from Lanao del Sur. The fertile Pulangi River basin runs in the middle of these two highlands and spreads towards the southwest to the flood plains of Maguindanao. Heavy rains have caused flooding in flood prone areas of Pikit. Liguasan marsh covers some municipalities and these areas have been sited with the presence of migratory birds. Typhoons do not pass through (North) Cotabato but heavy rains have caused flooding in Alamada, Libungan, Midsayap. Pikit and other areas along the Liguasan and Libungan Marshes. The province is traversed with municipalites of the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao namely Datu Montawal and Pagalungan which are conflict prone areas. During conflict, transportation is disrupted along the national highways affecting mobility of commuters and referrals to tertiary hospitals. The contiguity to other provinces in ARMM, Region X, Region X1 forges inter Regional cooperation in the prevention and control of endemic diseases like malaria. Likewise the armed groups have free movement traversing the different conflict areas causing displacement of some families. The province's terrain varies from flat, fertile plains to irregular landscape of wide valleys, scattered hills and extensive mountain ranges such as the Kitubod Range and Mt. Apo. There are still many barangays which are difficult to reach making access to health care a problem both from the community and the health providers. The rich vast land resources of the Province stretch over an area of 656,590 hectares representing 36 percent of the regional land area (1,815,500 hectares). It ranks first in terms of land area among the four provinces of Region XII. The province of Cotabato is composed of seventeen (17) municipalities and one (1) city with five hundred forty four (544) legally created barangays, with Kidapawan City as its Capital. Alamada has the largest land area in the province followed by Carmen and Magpet.

There are a total of 162 barangays in the province that are considered geographically isolated and disadvantaged. These are among those which are hard to reach and are always suffering from armed conflicts. Some of these do not have existing health centers or where health centers are dilapidated. Many are barangays in Carmen, Pikit and Arakan, geographically isolated due to the mountainous terrain and lack of road network. There are also barangays that are mostly reachable only by motorized boats.

In these GIDA areas, even the provision of the basic preventive health services, such as immunizations and antenatal care, remain a challenge. Detection and proper management and follow-up of communicable diseases, like TB for example, are difficult. In cases of emergencies, the lack of an established emergency transportation in these areas, contribute to delays in the conduct of consultations and treatment of illnesses among patients.





Infant Mortality Rate

4.49/ 1,000 livebirths

Maternal mortality Rate

39.34/ 100,000 livebirths

 Under-Five Mortality


Birth Rate

20.76/ 1,000 population

Death Rate

3.47/ 1,000 population

Fully Immunized Child (FIC)


Fully Immunized Mother (FIM)


HH w/ Sanitary Toilet


HH w/ Access to Safe Water


Deliveries Attended by Skilled Health Personnel (Doctors, Nurses, Midwives) (%)


 Facility-Based Deliveries


TB Case Detection Rate


TB Cure Rate


Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR)



Today is

Saturday, 31 January 2015

The Regional Director

Teogenes F. Baluma

Teogenes F. Baluma, MD,MHA, MDM,FPCHA,CESO III